The way that I learned (and have always seen it taught) to start a new rails project was the old familiar:
$ gem install rails $ rails new worldchangingapp $ cd worldchangingapp
but my world has been turned upside-down after some good discussions with @moorecp that challenged me to rethink how I manage gems and start rails projects in a world with bundler.
First off, rethinking were I stash all those shiny ruby gems. My typical approach had been to create a new gemset for each project using RVM and then switch gemsets when switching projects, which is a familiar workflow to many I’m sure. But here is a mind bending thought, don’t manage your gems separately; keep them with the project in the vendor/bundle directory! We can add vendor/bundle to our .gitignore so that we don’t clutter up our repo with the gems (although you can use bundler to add a vendor/cache if you wish). Here’s some of the benefits I’ve been realizing with this approach:
First, when removing a project I just delete the project’s directory and all of it’s gems are sent packing at the same time. Before, I would have to remember separately to go and delete the project’s gemset.
When debugging it’s nice to have the gems the project is using right there in vendor/bundle so that I can jump into their source code and get to the bottom of things. Obviously you can still look at a gem’s source code when they are installed in a gemset or wherever… it just takes a few extra steps to find the gem you are looking for and isn’t as convenient.
Now that I’m using the power of Bundler and keeping my gems in my project’s directory, I can use a simple solution for switching rubies like rbenv (or just keep using rvm… but just for switching rubies)
This new approach to dependencies alone was a big win for me; the hardest part was breaking the news to my trusty gemsets (We’ve had many good years together and accomplished much, but I feel we’ve grown apart…). But the title of this post was about rails new, so let’s get back to that. Now that gemsets and I have parted, when I
gem install rails it is going to clutter up my ruby with rails stuff… and I would rather keep it with all my other gems for the project in vendor/bundle. After all, it’s just another gem that needs managing like the others. Enter the new rails new:
$ mkdir worldchangingapp $ cd worldchangingapp $ bundle init # Edit Gemfile and uncomment rails $ bundle --path vendor/bundle $ rails new . # Just select Y to override Gemfile when prompted # Add 'vendor/bundle' to .gitignore
Ok, I’ll admit it’s not as flashy and short as the standard example; but bear with me. Instead of leading with installing rails, we lead with bundler so that we can manage rails just like our other gems. After creating a directory and initializing bundler, open up the Gemfile that initializing creates and add/ uncomment the rails gem. Now comes the beautiful part; we’ll run bundler with the –path flag set to vendor/bundle to tell bundler that we want to install the rails gem (and all future gems) there. Bundle will add this setting to the project’s .bundle/config so that in the future, we don’t have to add the path flag and it will still know to install in vendor/bundle. Finally, we use rails new… but we just specify the path as the current directory (“.”). It will ask if you want to override the Gemfile you just created, and you’ll want to say yes (to get the standard rails starter Gemfile).
Now you’re off and running with a new project using bundler, and all your gems are being kept within the project’s directory. Leaving the project? Delete the directory and all the gems go too. Working on multiple projects? Jump between them with ease and don’t worry about gems from one project interfering with another. Need to jump into a gem to see how it works? It’s right at your finger tips.
So there you go, a new take on rails new :-)